Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Otology is a division of medicine which studies normal and pathological anatomy and physiology of the ear (hearing and vestibular sensory systems and associated structures and functions) as well as their diseases, diagnosis and treatment. Otologic surgery usually refers to surgery of the middle ear and mastoid connected to chronic otitis media, such as tympanoplasty, or ear drum surgery, ossiculoplasty, or surgery of the hearing bones, and mastoidectomy. Otology also contains surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss, such as stapedectomy surgery for otosclerosis. Neurotology, a interrelated field of medicine and subspecialty of Otolaryngology, is the study of diseases of the inner ear, which can leading to hearing and balance disorders. Neurotologic surgery generally refers to surgery of the inside ear or surgery that implicates entering the inner ear with risk to the hearing and balance organs, including labyrinthectomy, cochlear implant surgery, and surgery for lumps of the temporal bone, such as intracanlicular acoustic neuromas.

Pediatrics ENT deals with children having mutual illnesses such as tonsillitis, sinusitis and ear infections (otitis media) using the latest strategies for medical treatment and the most advanced techniques for surgical treatment. Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology is to focus and disseminate information concerning prevention, cure and care of otorhinolaryngology illnesses in infants and children due to developmental, degenerative, infectious, neoplastic, traumatic, social, psychiatric and monetary causes.

Otorhinolaryngology (also called otolaryngology and otolaryngology–head and neck surgery) is a surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with settings of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of the head and neck. Doctors who study in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons. Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for diseases of the ear, nose, throat, base of the skull, and for the surgical administration of cancers and benign tumors of the head and neck.

Septoplasty is a curative surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum, the partition between the two nasal cavities. Ideally, the septum should run down the center of the nose. When it turns into one of the cavities, it narrows that cavity and delays airflow. Deviated nasal septum or “crooked” interior nose can occur at childbirth or as the result of an injury or other trauma. If the wall that functions as a separator of both sides of the nose is tilted en route for one side at a degree greater than 50%, it might cause difficulty breathing. Frequently the inferior turbinate on the contrary side enlarges, which is labeled compensatory hypertrophy. Abnormalities of the septum can lead to nasal obstruction.

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which together palatine tonsils (hereafter called "tonsils") are removed from a recess in the side of the pharynx called the tonsillar fossa. The method is performed in response to repetitive occurrence of acute tonsillitis, sleep surgery for obstructive sleep apnea, nasal airway obstruction, diphtheria transporter state, snoring, or peritonsillar abscess. For children, tonsillectomy is usually combined with an adenoidectomy, which is the exclusion of the adenoid (also known as the "pharyngeal tonsil" or "nasopharyngeal tonsil"). The amalgamation of these two procedures is called an "adenotonsillectomy" or "T&A". Adenoidectomy is special in adults in whom the adenoid is much slighter than in children and rarely causes problems.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery is most generally used to treat chronic rhinosinusitis only after all non-surgical treatment choices such as antibiotics, topical nasal corticosteroids, and nasal lavage with saline solutions have been exhausted. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory state in which the nose and at least one sinus convert swollen and interfere with mucus drainage. It can be caused by anatomical aspects such as a deviated septum or nasal polyps (growths), as well as infection. Symptoms include trouble breathing through the nose, swelling and pain around the nose and eyes, postnasal drainage down the throat, and sweat sleeping.

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, typically of quick onset. It is a type of pharyngitis.Symptoms may include sore throat, fever, expansion of the tonsils, trouble swallowing, and large lymph nodes around the neckTonsillitis is most regularly caused by a viral contagion, with about 5% to 40% of cases caused by a bacterial infection. When triggered by the bacterium group A streptococcus, it is referred to as strep throat. Rarely microorganisms such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, or Haemophilus influenzae may be the cause.Typically the infection is spread among people through the air.A scoring system, such as the Centor score, may help separate possible origins. Confirmation may be by a throat swab or quick strep test.

Otitis media is a cluster of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear.The two main types are acute otitis media (AOM) and otitis media with effusion (OME).AOM is an infection of sudden onset that usually presents with ear pain.In young children this may result in drawing at the ear, increased crying, and poor sleep.Decreased eating and a fever may also be present.OME is typically not connected with symptoms. Occasionally a feeling of completeness is described.It is defined as the presence of non-infectious fluid in the middle ear for other than three months.Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is middle ear inflammation of greater than two weeks that results in episodes of release from the ear. It may be a barrier of acute otitis media. Pain is hardly present.All three may be associated with hearing loss. The hearing loss in OME, due to its chronic nature, may disturb a child's ability to learn.

A myringotomy, occasionally called by other names, is a surgical procedure in which a tiny incision is shaped in the eardrum (tympanic membrane) to relieve pressure caused by excessive buildup of fluid, or to gutter pus from the middle ear. A tympanostomy tube is implanted into the eardrum to keep the middle ear aerated for a lengthy time and to prevent reaccumulation of fluid. Without the insertion of a tube, the incision usually heals naturally in two to three weeks. Depending on the type, the tube is either certainly extruded in 6 to 12 months or removed during a minor procedure.

Epiglottitis is tenderness of the epiglottis—the flap at the base of the tongue that keeps food from going into the trachea (windpipe) Symptoms are commonly rapid in onset and include trouble swallowing which can result in drooling, deviations to the voice, fever, and an increased breathing rate.As the epiglottis is in the upper airway, swelling can interfere with breathing. People may thin forward in an effort to open the airway.As the condition worsens stridor and bluish skin could occur.

There are 3 paired chief salivary glands in humans (the parotid gland, the submandibular gland, and the sublingual gland), as well as about 800-1000 insignificant salivary glands in the oral mucosa of the mouth. The parotid gland is located in front of the ear, and it secretes its ordinarily serous saliva via the parotid duct (Stenson duct) into the mouth, usually opening unevenly opposite the maxillary second molar. The submandibular gland is placed medial to the angle of the mandible, and it drains its mixture of serous and mucous saliva via the submandibular duct (Wharton duct) into the mouth, commonly opening in a punctum located in the bottom of mouth. The sublingual gland is situated below the tongue, in the floor of the mouth. It drains its typically mucous saliva into the mouth via about 8-20 ducts which open beside the plica sublingualis (a fold of tissue under the tongue).
The function of the salivary glands is to secrete saliva, which has a lubricating purpose, which protects the oral mucosa of the mouth through eating and speaking.Saliva also contains digestive enzymes (e.g. salivary amylase) and has antimicrobial action and turns as a buffer. Persons with reduced salivary flow or hyposalivation repeatedly suffer from dry mouth or xerostomia, which can result in severe dental caries (tooth decay) as a end of the loss of the protective effects of saliva.

Rhinitis, also known as coryza, is irritation and tenderness of the mucous membrane inside the nose. Common indications are a stuffy nose, runny nose, sneezing, and post-nasal drip. The most common kind of rhinitis is allergic rhinitis, which is regularly triggered by airborne allergens such as pollen and dander. Allergic rhinitis may cause other symptoms, such as sneezing and nasal itching, coughing, headache] fatigue, malaise, and perceptive impairment.The allergens may also affect the eyes, causing watery, reddened, or itchy eyes and puffiness nearby eyes. The inflammation results in the generation of large amounts of mucus, commonly making a runny nose, as well as a stuffy nose and post-nasal drip. In the case of allergic rhinitis, the inflammation is caused by the degranulation of post cells in the nose. When mast cells degranulate, they discharge histamine and other chemicals, starting an inflammatory process that can cause indications outside the nose, such as fatigue and malaise.

Laryngitis is infection of the larynx (voice box). Symptoms often include a hoarse voice and may include fever, cough, pain in the front of the neck, and worry swallowing . Laryngitis is categorised as acute if it persists less than three weeks and chronic if symptoms last more than three weeks.Acute cases generally occur as part of a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Other infections and trauma such as from coughing are other bases. Long-lasting cases may occur due to smoking, tuberculosis, allergies, acid reflux, rheumatoid arthritis, or sarcoidosis. The underlying tool involves irritation of the vocal cords.

Tympanoplasty is the surgical operation made for the reconstruction of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the minor bones of the middle ear Tympanoplasty is classified into five different types,Type 1 involves healing of the tympanic membrane alone, when the middle ear is normal. A type 1 tympanoplasty is identical to myringoplasty.Type 2 includes repair of the tympanic membrane and middle ear in spite of slight defects in the middle ear ossicles.Type 3 involves removal of ossicles and epitympanum when there are huge defects of the malleus and incus. The tympanic membrane is restored and directly connected to the head of the stapes.Type 4 describes a repair when the stapes foot plate is movable, but the crura are mislaid. The resulting middle ear will only involve of the Eustachian tube and hypotympanum.Type 5 is a repair involving a immobile stapes footplate.

It is a branch of medicine that compacts with disorders, diseases and injuries of the vocal apparatus, especially the larynx. Mutual conditions addressed by laryngologists include vocal fold nodules and cysts, laryngeal cancer, spasmodic dysphonia, laryngopharyngeal reflux, papilloma, and speech misuse/abuse/overuse syndromes.


Tinnitus the awareness of sound in the absence  of actual external sound-represents a symptom of an underlying condition rather than a single disease. Several models have been proposed to explain the mechanisms underlying tinnitus. Tinnitus, the noise can be intermittent or constant, and is very loud. Tinnitus is often related with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. People with tinnitus experience no effort hearing, and in a few cases they even become so sensitive to sound that they must take steps to muffle or mask exterior noises. Prolonged exposure to loud sounds is the most mutual cause of tinnitus. Up to 90% of people with tinnitus have certain level of noise-induced hearing loss. The noise causes lasting damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. A single exposure to a sudden enormously loud noise can also cause tinnitus. This track deals some of the most significant topic which includes: Chronic sensorineural tinnitus, Tinnitus from sound revelation, Pharmacological treatment and Behavioral treatment, Electrical stimulation and Vascular firmness of the auditory nerve.

Acute pain might occur due to trauma, surgery, infection, disruption of blood circulation, or many other conditions in which tissue injury occurs. In a medical setting, pain improvement is desired when its warning function is no longer needed. Besides educating patient comfort, pain therapy can also reduce harmful physiological significances of untreated pain. Children account for almost one-third of all patients undergoing ear, nose and throat  (ENT) surgery. Procedures array from simple day-case operations, such as myringotomy, to complex airway reconstruction surgery accepted in specialist centres. This track defines the anaesthetic management of some of the commonly performed paediatric ENT procedures, comprising adenotonsillectomy, oesophagoscopy, and middle ear surgery.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea utmost common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. It is categorized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep, despite the effort to breathe, and is usually associated with a decrease in blood oxygen saturation. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by gaps in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep. In the most mutual form this follows loud snoring. There may be a choking or snorting sound as breathing restarts. As it disrupts regular sleep, those affected are often sleepy or tired during the day. In children it may cause hitches in school or hyperactivity. There are three forms of sleep apnea, obstructive (OSA), central (CSA), and a grouping of the two. OSA is the most common form. Risk factors for OSA comprise being overweight, a family history of the condition, allergies, and enlarged tonsils. In OSA, breathing is interrupted by a impasse of airflow, while in CSA breathing stops due to a lack of effort to breathe. People with sleep apnea are frequently not aware they have it. Often it is picked up by a family associate. Sleep apnea is often detected with an overnight sleep study.

An ear malady is regularly a bacterial or viral contamination that effects the center ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the slight vibrating bones of the ear. Youngsters are more probable than grown-ups to get ear adulterations. Ear diseases every now and again are difficult in view of aggravation and development of liquids in the center ear. Since ear diseases often clear up without anyone else, management may start with overseeing torment and observing the issue. Ear disease in newborn children and serious cases when all is said in done frequently need anti-infection solutions. Long haul issues recognized with ear contaminations — persevering liquids in the center ear, steady diseases or successive contaminations — can cause hearing disputes and different genuine complexities. In this tracks we practice a portion of the issue identified with time issue, for example, Acute outer otits, Prechondritis pinna-Cauliflower ear, Congenital changes Microtia, Atresia and Otomycosis.

Rhinology expresses as the study of nose, including the sinuses. Rhinology alarms itself with medical and surgical diseases of the nasal passages as well as paranasal sinuses. It is fetching more important after the starter of nasal endoscopes. Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to somewhat in the environment that usually causes little or no tricky in most people. These illnesses include hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. Indications may include red eyes, an itchy rash, runny nose, shortness of breath, or swelling. Allergies are mutual.  In the developed world, about 20% of people are exaggerated by allergic rhinitis; about 6% of people have at least one food allergy

Tracheostomy is an opening surgical created through the neck into the trachea (windpipe) to allow direct access to Breathing tube and is commonly done in  operating room under general anesthesia. A tube is placed through the opening to deliver an airway and to remove secretions from the lungs. The resulting stoma can serve independently to airway or to a site of Tracheal tube to be inserted. This tube allows a person to breathe without the use of nose or mouth. Tracheotomy may cause significant reduction in the administration of sedatives and vasopressors, as well as the duration of stay in the intensive care unit.
Conditions that caused by tracheotomy:
•           Anaphylaxis
•           Cancer in the neck
•           Chronic lung disease
•           Coma
•           Facial burns or surgery
•           Injury to the larynx or laryngectomy
•           Injury to the chest wall
•           Need for prolonged respiratory or ventilator support
•           Severe neck or mouth injuries
•           Tumors
•           Vocal cord paralysis
Audiology is a science of hearing, balance and related disorders. Audiologists are experts in non-medical diagnosis and management disorders of auditory and balance systems.
Audiologists specialize in:
•           Identifying and assessing hearing and balance problems
•           Rehabilitating persons with hearing and balance disorders
•           Preventing hearing loss
Related Associations & Societies: American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery | American Board of Otolaryngology | American Academy of Ophthalmology | European Federation of Audiology Societies | American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | American Tinnitus Association | American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology | Italian Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Society | Gruppo Otologico

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery track focus on the treatment of patients who have acquired, congenital and post-cancer irregularities to face and neck. The goal is to restore natural form to function and enable patients to live as close to normal lives as possible. This technique ranges from minimally invasive procedures to advanced operations, using tissue rearrangement, micro vascular free tissue transfer, bone replacement and dynamic facial flaps.

Implants are therapeutic gadgets used to supplant non-practical natural structure, bolster an organic structure or to enhance the productivity of the structure. Tactile and neurological implants are utilized to defeat issue influencing cerebrum and other significant faculties.

Facial cosmetic surgery is a surgical procedure intended to correct Dysfunctional areas of the body and Reconstructive in nature. It is devoted to renovation of facial and body defects due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease. There are many cosmetic surgery options to improve or change your face and bodies like breast enhancement, facial contouring, facial rejuvenation, body contouring, skin rejuvenation and Plastic Surgery.
Related Associations & Societies: American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery | American Board of Otolaryngology | American Academy of Ophthalmology | European Federation of Audiology Societies | American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | American Tinnitus Association | American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology | Italian Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Society | Gruppo Otologico

Myringotomy is a distinctive surgical procedure to make hole in the ear drum. It is generally paired with inclusion of a tympanostomytube, a tiny tube that is placed in recently created hole in the ear drum, which allows infected material to discard from the middle ear. The process is performed by the otolaryngologist or ENT Surgeon. The surgery might be performed on one ear if the middle ear issue is available just on one ear or on the both ears if necessary. The surgery is most frequently performed on children less than five years of age but may also performed on older children and adults. The procedure is temporary solution, yet can be repeated if necessary, as the ear tubes eventually fall out.

Rehabilitation is the treatment to regain or improve functions of the body which has been lost or weakened. In ENT rehabilitation focus on Speech & language therapy that help in speaking and (VRT) Therapy focus to progress balance and also to minimize the experience of dizziness, improve patients stability in motion, increase coordination, reduces falls and anxiety. It is difficult to provide a general outline of VRT exercises because they are designed individually that prescribed to each patient. Most of these exercises comprise the movements of the head and body that help to your brain and compensate the inaccurate information that receiving from the inner ear, and the regain mechanism over their balance.

Many different types of advanced surgical instruments and medical equipment designed to meet the needs of practitioners specializing in the diagnosis of ear, nose, throat, head and neck disorders. Popular ENT products include ear tubes, ENT bottles, otoscopes, specula, audio screening equipment and surgical instruments designed specifically for ENT procedures. Also available is the new Kotler Nasal Airway System which allows patients to breathe through the nasal passages after cosmetic and plastic surgery operations.

Anesthetist faces a lot of challenges in the Head and Neck Surgery. The challenges acquaint with airway obstruction and make intubation difficult or impossible. It is very crucial to maintain safe airway when access to the patient's head may be restricted and it should be adaptable about airway management during surgery, especially in nose and throat procedures. Surgeons may obstruct or uproot airway equipment. It is potential for infection of the airway needs to be observed. Whenever the airway problem is recognized intraoperatively, correcting it must be the first priority.

The communication disorders consist of hearing impairment, voice and speech issue and on the most basic and critical level, language disorders.  Communication disorders are not viewed as a considerable general medical problem till now. There are no exact figures with regards to the commonness of these scatters. The side effects change contingent upon the specific kind of communication issue, however, they generally center on the communicating problems. Treatment and advising are both useful with the treatment of different correspondence issue. Getting treatment from the web and advice are prepared for specialists which helps to individuals to correspondence issue. At that point when left untreated, the correspondence issue can prompt other mental issues like depression.

ENT medical procedure is an interesting and claim with wide scope of ailments that will be experienced in patients and these things are considered from a child when threatened airway for elderly man with a broad throat disease. The abilities expected to treat the patients are likewise assorted, extending from microsurgery utilized in cochlear implantation strategies to the significant medical procedure of head and neck cancer treatment. Grown-ups and youngsters alike get exhaustive and consideration for illnesses influencing their ear, nose, throat, and neck. Care must be composed by doctors and audiologists, balance specialists, discourse and swallow advisors.

Medicine is the science and practice of origin the analysis, prediction, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine includes a variety of health care practices advanced to keep and restore health by the prevention and treatment of disease. Current medicine to spread on biomedical sciences and research, genetics and medical technology to analyse, treat and prevent disease, typically through drug medicines or surgery.

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a highly contagious zoonosis produced by SARS-CoV-2 that is spread human-to-human by respiratory secretions. It was declared by the WHO as a public health emergency. The most susceptible populations, needing mechanical ventilation, are the elderly and people with associated comorbidities. There is an important risk of contagion for anaesthetists, dentists, head and neck surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons, ophthalmologists, and otolaryngologists. Health workers represent between 3.8% and 20% of the infected population; some 15% will develop severe complaints and among them, many will lose their lives. A large number of patients do not have overt signs and symptoms (fever/respiratory), yet pose a real risk to surgeons (who should know this fact and must therefore apply respiratory protective strategies for all patients they encounter).
Guidance for otolaryngology health care workers
Tracheotomy recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic
Management of Loss of Sense of Smell (Anosmia) Associated with COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Infection)
N95 Respirators (HEPA or High-Efficiency-Particulate-Air Filter Respirators) as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Transnasal Laryngoscopy in COVID-19 Era
Transnasal injection to vocal fold in COVID-19 Era
Negative Pressure Face Shield (NPFS) for Transnasal Laryngoscopy to Mitigate Dispersion of Bioaerosol in COVID Era
Negative Pressure Face Shield (NPFS) for Transnasal Laryngoscopy KTP Laser Treatment of Hemorrhagic Polyp in COVID Era