Tracheostomy is an opening surgical created through the neck into the trachea (windpipe) to allow direct access to Breathing tube and is commonly done in  operating room under general anesthesia. A tube is placed through the opening to deliver an airway and to remove secretions from the lungs. The resulting stoma can serve independently to airway or to a site of Tracheal tube to be inserted. This tube allows a person to breathe without the use of nose or mouth. Tracheotomy may cause significant reduction in the administration of sedatives and vasopressors, as well as the duration of stay in the intensive care unit.
Conditions that caused by tracheotomy:
•           Anaphylaxis
•           Cancer in the neck
•           Chronic lung disease
•           Coma
•           Facial burns or surgery
•           Injury to the larynx or laryngectomy
•           Injury to the chest wall
•           Need for prolonged respiratory or ventilator support
•           Severe neck or mouth injuries
•           Tumors
•           Vocal cord paralysis