Tympanoplasty

Tympanoplasty is the surgical operation made for the reconstruction of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and/or the minor bones of the middle ear Tympanoplasty is classified into five different types,Type 1 involves healing of the tympanic membrane alone, when the middle ear is normal. A type 1 tympanoplasty is identical to myringoplasty.Type 2 includes repair of the tympanic membrane and middle ear in spite of slight defects in the middle ear ossicles.Type 3 involves removal of ossicles and epitympanum when there are huge defects of the malleus and incus. The tympanic membrane is restored and directly connected to the head of the stapes.Type 4 describes a repair when the stapes foot plate is movable, but the crura are mislaid. The resulting middle ear will only involve of the Eustachian tube and hypotympanum.Type 5 is a repair involving a immobile stapes footplate.